Effects of post-treatment to improve the surface quality of 3D printing cement mold casting

December 09, 2021

Seung-Yeop Chun (1,2), Geumyeon Lee (1), Su-jin Kim (1), Bora Jeong (1), Jeehoon Shin (3), Inkyung Cho (1), Hong-Dae Kim (1), Heesoo Lee (2), Taewook Kim (1)
Applied Sciences, 11, Issue 24, December 2021: 11824. DOI: 10.3390/app112411824


powder bed 3D printing; cement mold; green body; post-treatment; casting


Powder bed 3D printing can be applied to sandcasting mold manufacturing to ensure high quality and economy through process innovation. In this study, refractory alumina cement was used as an aqueous binder to ensure high-temperature thermal stability to minimize the addition of organic matter to reduce gas generation. In addition, spherical silica sand, the study material, was selected to a size of 30 µm to improve the casting mold resolution. To improve the surface quality through the post-treatment process, we confirmed the change in the surface roughness of the mold depending on the surface treatment of colloidal silica and the presence or absence of heat treatment, and finally made the mold through actual casting. Changes in the surface roughness and flowability of the cast body after mold post-treatment were confirmed. For aluminum castings, the shrinkage rate and surface roughness were confirmed in a box-shaped mold via gravity casting, and the flowability of the molten metal in the mold was confirmed in a hand-shaped mold. There was a change in the roughness and porosity of the mold, owing to the post-treatment, and the influence of the surface roughness and flowability of the cast body during actual casting was confirmed.

How Our Software Was Used

Dragonfly was used to perform split/threshold to calculate the porosity of binarized x-ray data.

Author Affiliation

(1) Industrial Environment Green Deal Agency, Korea Institute of Industrial Technology, Ulsan 44413, Korea.
(2) Department of Material Science and Engineering, Pusan National University, Busan 46241, Korea.
(3) Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 34141, Korea.